How To Treat Dark Spots on your Skin?

by Hanah • 06 Jul 2017

Where Dark Spots Come From and How to Treat Them
Dark spots on your skin are one of the most frustrating skin care issues to deal with. This skin care problem is called hyperpigmentation and is quite common. But even if a lot of people suffer from this problem it does not mean that it is always easy to treat and get rid of entirely. People of every ethnicity and skin tone can get dark spots and patches on their skin. An uneven skin tone can make you look older than you are.
Learn here where dark spots come from and all the different treatment options available to get rid of them.
Why Do Dark Spots Form on Skin?
There are a few different causes of dark spots though all of them are the result of the same thing - the over production of melanin by the skin:
Dark spots on the skin can be caused by the sun. These often show up later in life and are called age spots by many people. But the damage to the skin by the sun was done well before the dark spots appear; it just takes time for the dark spots to come to the surface of the skin.
Dark spots caused by hormones. Dark patches on the skin happen to many women during pregnancy or from taking birth control pills.
Dark spots can be caused by skin trauma. This is called post-inflammatory hyper pigmentation. You could have a dark spot on your skin after getting a bug bite, after a pimple heals, or from a cut.
Dark spots can be caused by pollution.
Don't forget that freckles are also a form a hyper pigmentation. Remember that no one is born with freckles. Freckles are usually genetic, but they can get darker with sun exposure.
Dark spots will get worse in the sun no matter what caused them in the first place. Also picking at your skin, scrubbing too hard with harsh products, and being in a hot environment like a sauna can make dark spots worse.

How to Prevent and Treat Dark Spots
When it comes to dark spots on your skin, it is important to use sunscreen each day and reapply throughout the day. Yes, you still need to reapply your sunscreen even if you are sitting in an office all day long. Just a little bit of sun exposure on a daily basis can cause dark spots to get worse.
To fade dark spots you need commitment and patience. This means that expecting your spots of disappearing after one week of using a skin care product is unrealistic. You need to understand that getting rid of hyperpigmentation will take many long months, and you need to apply multiple products daily to see results.
Your best bet for ridding your skin of those annoying dark patches is by using a product that brightens your skin both morning and evening and using a retinoid or another type of exfoliant which will help reveal healthier newer skin cells.
And of course applying sunscreen as mentioned above.
Also, you can consider in-office treatments performed by either an aesthetician or a doctor. An aesthetician can perform a series of chemical peels that will fade dark spots and brighten your skin. If you can afford it a quick way to get rid of dark spots is with laser treatments. With both laser treatments and chemical peels to get the best results, you must take extra special care of your skin afterwards.
Though both these procedures are a great way to treat hyper pigmentation if you are not ready to commit to post-care instructions you should not even consider these treatments in the first place. Doctors can also prescribe creams that have higher percentages of active ingredients that fade dark spots. These creams can be quite strong and aren't always the best option for everyone, particularly those people with sensitive skin.
When looking for products that can brighten your skin and fade dark spots be sure to keep a few ingredients in mind: soy, liquorice extract, kojic acid, mushroom extract, niacinamide, and Vitamin C are all proven brightening ingredients. For example, Olay Regenerist Luminous Tone Perfecting Cream has niacinamide while Clinique 'Even Better' Clinical Dark Spot Corrector combines salicylic acid with botanical brighteners.
Garnier SkinActive Brighter Dark Spot Corrector has Vitamin C in it.
When those ingredients are combined with exfoliating ingredients such as retinol, glycolic, lactic, or salicylic acid you have a better chance of fading those spots (read here for some of our favourite exfoliating products). Some products even have both the facial acids with the brightening ingredients already in them, so you do not need two separate products. Top product pick: Skinmedica Lytera Skin Brightening Complex.
Another great ingredient for getting rid of hyperpigmentation is hydroquinone. This ingredient can sometimes be controversial, but there is no reason to be afraid to use it in lower percentages. In lower percentages, it will only help your skin not hurt it. Product pick - Murad Murad Post-Acne Spot Lightening Gel contains 2% hydroquinone to fade post-acne spots.




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